What is the nix-way to specify LD_LIBRARY_PATH?

For example, I have a python package that requires libstdc++.so.6.
So my immediate solution was to

find -L /run /nix -name libstdc++.so.6
The result was (sans error messages about permission or symlink loops)
/nix/store/6ll1qmkb3ifgb0srch7j7mylab06v1d5-gcc-6.5.0-lib/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/nix/store/7fvwr8la2k701hrx2w5xnvjr5kkc7ysv-gcc-8.3.0-lib/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/nix/store/6irhcjmdd6ifnlm270y2bhp188la6n23-gcc-6.5.0-lib/lib64/libstdc++.so.6
/nix/store/6irhcjmdd6ifnlm270y2bhp188la6n23-gcc-6.5.0-lib/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/nix/store/784rh7jrfhagbkydjfrv68h9x3g4gqmk-gcc-8.3.0-lib/lib64/libstdc++.so.6
/nix/store/784rh7jrfhagbkydjfrv68h9x3g4gqmk-gcc-8.3.0-lib/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/nix/store/dhn13r8xx087xpyd6y3mrvl4c96ilmwb-gfortran-7.4.0-lib/lib64/libstdc++.so.6
/nix/store/dhn13r8xx087xpyd6y3mrvl4c96ilmwb-gfortran-7.4.0-lib/lib/libstdc++.so.6
Then I just ran
env LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/nix/store/784rh7jrfhagbkydjfrv68h9x3g4gqmk-gcc-8.3.0-lib/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH python
And problem solved.

Of course, this is not the proper nix-way. So what are the proper nix-ways if I were to
make /nix/store/784rh7jrfhagbkydjfrv68h9x3g4gqmk-gcc-8.3.0-lib/lib/libstdc++.so.6 available either

  1. in a shell temporarily,
  2. system-wide by default (preferring gcc 8.3.0 over older gcc), or
  3. for a specific user by default?

Moreover, regarding how nixos works:

  1. Why libstdc++.so.6 is only available in /nix/store/*/lib but not /run/current-system/sw/lib ?
    In another occasion I used

env LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/run/current-system/sw/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

to run something requiring libX11.so.
Why libX11.so is linked under /run/current-system/sw/lib while libstdc++.so.6 is not?

  1. When I ran

find -L /nix/store/gcc-8.3.0 -name libstdc++.so.6 2>/dev/null | xargs md5sum

I got

0de7cba5b9ff44a00ddf115a1429ca36 /nix/store/7fvwr8la2k701hrx2w5xnvjr5kkc7ysv-gcc-8.3.0-lib/lib/libstdc++.so.6
a78854179583018bd6a233b3be55f78a /nix/store/784rh7jrfhagbkydjfrv68h9x3g4gqmk-gcc-8.3.0-lib/lib64/libstdc++.so.6
a78854179583018bd6a233b3be55f78a /nix/store/784rh7jrfhagbkydjfrv68h9x3g4gqmk-gcc-8.3.0-lib/lib/libstdc++.so.6

Why are there two different files for the gcc-8.3.0?
And why do I have two gcc-8.3.0-lib directories in /nix/store ?
(I have already executed

sudo nix-collect-garbage -d
sudo nix-store --optimise

)

3 Likes

From a very first intuitive thaught, I’d say, the proper way is to provide whatever is necessary for building as a buildInputs. propagatedBuildInputs if nix can’t recognize on its own, that the dependency indeed is used…

1 Like

@greygreatgrape

try doing something like this

export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$(nix eval --raw nixpkgs.zlib)/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

though Im also interested in knowing which nixpkg libstdc++.so.6 belongs to that I could include in the above variable…

stdenv.cc.cc.lib

should do the trick.

@danieldk

uhhhm how to do that in shell?

although I found a workaround at this thread VS Code Liveshare

 find $(nix eval --raw nixpkgs.stdenv.cc.cc.lib) -name 'libstdc++*.so*'
/nix/store/244yvw8fnxdv6zfkq2c6jqmw35jg6ib7-gcc-9.3.0-lib/lib/libstdc++.so
/nix/store/244yvw8fnxdv6zfkq2c6jqmw35jg6ib7-gcc-9.3.0-lib/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.28-gdb.py
/nix/store/244yvw8fnxdv6zfkq2c6jqmw35jg6ib7-gcc-9.3.0-lib/lib/libstdc++.so.6
/nix/store/244yvw8fnxdv6zfkq2c6jqmw35jg6ib7-gcc-9.3.0-lib/lib/libstdc++.so.6.0.28

3 Likes

oh nice, thanks :+1:

What’s the best way to do this with Nix 2.8?

Doesn’t work:

$ nix eval --raw nixpkgs.zlib
error: experimental Nix feature 'nix-command' is disabled; use '--extra-experimental-features nix-command' to override

Also doesn’t work:

$ nix --extra-experimental-features nix-command eval --raw nixpkgs.zlib
path '/home/rkjnsn/nixpkgs.zlib' does not contain a 'flake.nix', searching up
error: getting status of '/home/rkjnsn/nixpkgs.zlib': No such file or directory

Works, but is very unwieldy:

$ nix --extra-experimental-features nix-command eval --impure --raw --expr 'with import <nixpkgs> {}; zlib'
/nix/store/fw71i85bkldrlrsr0f44741ba75j4smw-zlib-1.2.12
$ nix eval nixpkgs#zlib.outPath --raw
/nix/store/ihfwjq0djyh1x4rhh7ddmhdj9h2xhgni-zlib-1.2.12

In your case (as you obviously don’t have enabled flakes) an additional --extra-experimental-features "nix-command flakes" would be necessary.


And if you do not want to enable flakes or any other experimental feature, not even temporary, then nix-instantiate might help:

$ nix-instantiate --expr '(import <nixpkgs> {}).zlib'
warning: you did not specify '--add-root'; the result might be removed by the garbage collector
/nix/store/l25hhx6c3jdgkh2vi58k3mf2fbvs0377-zlib-1.2.12.drv
2 Likes
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