Gnome: XWayland appears unresponsive

I’m trying GNOME 45.1 out in 23.11, but the Wayland session is unable to start X11 programs (e.g. xeyes runs but does not spawn a window) via XWayland. XWayland is, however, running via gnome-shell. My configuration is simple:

      services.xserver.enable = true;
      services.xserver.displayManager.gdm.enable = true;
      services.xserver.desktopManager.gnome.enable = true;

Unsure how to debug this, but someone else has stumbled upon it?

I reinstalled the same config on a clean system and things works as expected. I will hazard the guess that the previous KDE Plasma installation left transient state when disabled. It did break the mouse sprite, which had to be reset with some dconf command.